Thermo-fluid dynamics of machinery and power systems

The research lines in the field of the thermo-fluid dynamics of machinery and power systems are primarily focused on thermodynamic, fluid dynamic, energetic, environmental, and technological aspects of fluid machinery, both at an single component level and at a system level, in which the machines operate for the conversion of energy in its various forms, for example: hydroelectric and thermal power plants, cogeneration systems, processing technologies for renewable energy (solar, wind, biomass, municipal and industrial solid waste). Together with these fundamental issues, the detailed study of fluid dynamics in the machine components and systems is performed by means of numerical simulation and experimental measurement. Particular attention is devoted to the study of machines and systems in aeronautical applications and the exploitation of energy from flows related to renewable energy sources. In particular, we intend to approach the study of turbomachinery integrated to generators (both traditional and based on the next-generation technology, i.e. annular, polyphase, variable frequency, generator) for the production of electricity both on board of aircraft, which could complement current conventional systems or that can operate in emergency conditions using gas flows present on the aircraft, and in stationary installations on- and off-shore that can harness the of wind, waves and marine energy. The machines covered by the research will be basically of two types: 

- High-speed turbines for aeronautical applications or for the use of high-energy flows; 

- Low-speed turbines, mainly for stationary applications, in order to exploit low energy content fluxes. 

It is expected to propose, analyze, and develop conceptual solutions, compatible with different architectures (Aeronautical or stationary) to undergo technical and economic feasibility studies for a next phase of prototype development and placing on the market .